1896 Berea by Frost and Hayes

According to David Walls, William Goodell Frost, President of Berea College from 1892 to 1920, was “the first person to give a precise geographic definition to the Southern Appalachians as a cultural region” with the help of his former student, C. Willard Hayes, “then working for the Geological Survey.”

William Goodell Frost Appalachian America map 1896
William Goodell Frost, “An Educational Program for Appalachian America,” Berea Quarterly 1:4 (May 1896): 3-22, https://berea.access.preservica.com/file/sdb%3AdigitalFile%7C97663f47-9438-49b1-9594-1f61506145b4/ .

Though Frost’s text indicated that the region was 194 counties, county boundaries have shifted since 1896. Our ArcGIS recreation includes 195 counties as our best approximation of Frost’s hand-drawn map.