Paul Salstrom maps “older,” “intermediate,” and “newer” Appalachia in his effort to demonstrate the ways in which different parts of Appalachia were differently affected by natural, market, and political barriers.

Our ArcGIS map addresses one anomaly. Salstrom’s maps employ 1860 county boundaries but include Transylvania County, NC, but Transylvania County was not incorporated until 1861.

Salstrom, Paul. 1994. Appalachia’s path to dependency: Rethinking a region’s economic history 1730–1940. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

For more on Salstrom’s maps, see:
Paul Salstrom, Appalachia’s Path to Dependence: Rethinking a Region’s Economic History, 1730-1940 (Lexington: Univ. Press of Kentucky, 1994).
Paul Salstrom,”Newer Appalachia as One of America’s Last Frontiers.” In Mary Beth Pudup, Dwight B. Billings, and Altina Waller, eds., Appalachia in the Making: The Mountain South in the Nineteenth Century (Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1995): 76-102.

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